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Art tour in Moscow Region

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Point 1: Fedoskino miniature museum

Description: Fedoskino is the oldest Russian art center of lacquer miniature painting.

Fedoskino factory. The Museum of lacquer miniatures. Brand factory store. "The Lukutin's house" - a Museum of folk arts and crafts. Fedoskino art-industrial school of miniature painting.

History

Fedoskino craft of lacquer miniature painting began in 1795 with the production of lacquer peaks for caps made of papier-mache. Hereditary Moscow merchant Piotr Korobov built a small factory in the village of Danilovo Mytishchi district. Papier-mâché made from the crushed, macerated, pressed with the adhesive paper. When snuff-boxes were added to production, products began to decorate. There were colored pictures that were glued and varnished. The painting was not there, it was added later. Snuff-boxes became fashionable, were very popular and immediately became the subject of decorative art.

Korobov invited experienced German experts from Braunschweig from the famous lacquer factory Stobwasser to teach his masters the art of decorating lacquerware. The production has been grown - there were boxes, cigarette cases, boxes for crafts and many other interesting things. Masters have adopted a German experience, but painting was still not there, only pasted pictures, similarly how it's doing now in the technique of decoupage.

Lukutin's miniature in Fedoskino

Painting on varnish, lacquer miniature, as it is now, only appeared in 1814. By that time the merchant Korobov married her daughter for a merchant of the first Guild Lukutin, who with great success continued his father-in-law business. He moved the factory to the other side of the river Uch, in the village of Fedoskino, built here a new large building and invited painters from Moscow. It was a real success! The boxes shone with fabulous scenery, folk motifs, beautiful maids, local landscapes. They were called then - Lukutin's boxes. The king found out about them and appreciates the art of Fedoskino masters and granted the right to put the mark – arms of the Russian Empire - double–headed eagle. Fedoskino became a supplier of the Imperial court. Boxes with a lacquer miniature became one of the brightest examples of Russian folk art. The king sent them as a gift to foreign leaders.

Lukutin's business was continued by his sons and grandsons. But by the end of the nineteenth century, the production was in decline. In 1904 the factory was closed, and the master (there were about a hundred people) dispersed to other handicrafts. Only in 1910, miniaturists joined and formed "Fedoskino handicraft artel of former Lukutin's factory masters".

The Fedoskino art went into the treasury of Russian art, it is very highly regarded throughout the world and is a national treasure of the Russian people. The works of Fedoskino masters adorn the world's best collections. Lacquer box with Fedoskino miniature is a prestigious and expensive gift. Each piece is unique and made by a painter, has its own certification number. It takes from 4 to 6 months for the manufacture of one box, depending on the complexity of the shape and size of the product. It is used a classic three-layer letter with oil paints for the box painting. There is an art school in Fedoskino village where the art of lacquer miniature is taught.

Point 2: Zhostovo factory

Description: Zhostovo is the most famous in Russia factory of manufacture of lacquer art trays. Museum of Zhostovo possesses a precious collection of authentic trays which are of great significance for the history of russian art.

Zhostovo school grows from confusion of cultures. On one hand peasant artists of west-oriented earl Sheremetiev were nursed on Flemish, Dutch, French and Austrian painting. On the other hand European lacquer art experienced deep influence of India, China, Japan and Iran. Also don't let us ignore the natural impact of the Ural tray painting which was effected by Byzantia.

You have an opportunity to make your own Zhostovo tray (the cost of master-class: 90 EUR)